PISTACHIO (Heb. בָּטְנָה; botnah), the tree and fruit of the Pistacia vera, a dioecious tree. The female tree produces reddish clusters of nuts with a white shell and a greenish kernel of delicate flavor. The word occurs only once in the Bible, in the plural, (Heb. בָּטְנִים (botnim), among the "choice fruits of the land" sent by Jacob to the ruler of Egypt (Gen. 43:11). The Samaritan translation of the word is biẓtekin, i.e., pistachio. The Mishnah calls the tree botnah (Shev. 7:5) and its fruit pistakin. They were grown in Israel, and subject to tithes (TJ, Ma'as, 1:2, 48d). Two members of its genus, Pistacia palaestina and Pistacia atlantica, are indigenous to Ereẓ Israel but the fruit is hardly edible. It was customary, however, to graft the pistachio onto the branches of these species whose trees and fruit are called botmin (Ar. but'm) in the Talmud. The pistachio tree is similar to the latter, but its nuts taste like the almond, and in consequence the ancients thought it to be a hybrid of these two species (TJ, Kil. 1:4, 27a). In modern Hebrew botnim is used to designate peanuts. The identification is erroneous, for not only was the peanut brought from the Americas, but it is not a tree, as botnim definitely are, according to the Mishnah. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loew, Flora, 1 (1926), 190–200; J. Feliks, Kilei Zera'im ve-Harkavah (1967), 106–7; idem, in: Olam ha-Ẓome'aḥ ha-Mikra'i (19682), 64–65; H.N. and A.L. Moldenke, Plants of the Bible (1952), 319 (index), S.V. Pistachio and Pistacia. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 125, 179. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • pistachio — UK [pɪˈstɑːʃɪəʊ] / UK [pɪˈstæʃɪəʊ] / US [pɪˈstæʃɪoʊ] or pistachio nut UK / US noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms pistachio : singular pistachio plural pistachios Word forms pistachio nut : singular pistachio nut plural pistachio nuts a small …   English dictionary

  • Pistachio — Pis*ta chio, n. [It. pistacchio (cf. Sp. pistacho, F. pistache), fr. L. pistacium, Gr. ?, ?, fr. Per. pistah. Cf. {Fistinut}.] (Bot.) The nut of the {Pistacia vera}, a tree of the order {Anacardiace[ae]}, containing a kernel of a pale greenish… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pistachio — 1590s, from It. pistacchio, from L. pistacium pistachio nut, from Gk. pistakion, from pistake pistachio tree, from Pers. pista pistachio tree. Borrowed earlier (1530s) as pystace, from O.Fr. form pistace (13c.) …   Etymology dictionary

  • pistachio — [pi stash′ē ō, pistä′shē ō, pistash′ō] n. pl. pistachios [It pistacchio < L pistacium < Gr pistakion < pistakē, pistachio tree < OPers pistah] 1. a small tree (Pistacia vera) of the cashew family 2. its edible, greenish seed: in full… …   English World dictionary

  • pistachio — a type of nut, has the plural form pistachios …   Modern English usage

  • pistachio — ► NOUN (pl. pistachios) ▪ a small nut with an edible pale green kernel, the seed of an Asian tree. ORIGIN Greek pistakion, from Old Persian …   English terms dictionary

  • Pistachio — taxobox name = Pistacia vera image caption = Pistacia vera Kerman fruits ripening status = LC status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Plantae unranked divisio = Angiosperms unranked classis = Eudicots unranked ordo = Rosids ordo = Sapindales familia =… …   Wikipedia

  • pistachio — /pi stash ee oh , stah shee oh /, n., pl. pistachios. 1. the nut of a Eurasian tree, Pistacia vera, of the cashew family, containing an edible, greenish kernel. 2. the kernel itself, used for flavoring. 3. the tree itself. 4. pistachio nut flavor …   Universalium

  • pistachio — Pistache Pis*tache , n. [OE. pistace, fr. F. pistache. See {Pistachio}.] (Bot.) The anacardiaceous tree {Pistacia vera}, which yields the pistachio nut; also, the nut itself and the flavoring extract prepared from it. Called also {pistachio}.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pistachio — noun (plural chios) Etymology: Italian pistacchio, from Latin pistacium pistachio nut, from Greek pistakion, from pistakē pistachio tree, of Iranian origin; akin to Persian pistah pistachio tree Date: 1598 a small Asian tree (Pistacia vera) of… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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